Download Troika: A Communicative Approach to Russian Language, Life, by Marita Nummikoski PDF

By Marita Nummikoski

This communicative "natural approach" to introductory Russian emphasizes analyzing, writing, talking, and listening abilities. daily issues are offered to permit readers to start speaking instantly. Grammar is gifted as an important software for communique and is brought all through. The publication goals at evaluating and contrasting cultures, instead of offering the objective tradition simply.

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Additional info for Troika: A Communicative Approach to Russian Language, Life, and Culture (2nd Edition)

Sample text

I) to know Þ | (I) to think - S1: or: Þ - , . 40 2 (I) to read ? , S2: | . , ? Е. Challenge. Combine the verbs , , , , in a description of an individual person’s language skills. and Þ Model: Þ - , ¾ Þ . - , . -ï , Þ , , - . The Russian Language Around the World Russian belongs to the East Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family, along with Ukrainian and Belorussian. It is the fifth most widely spoken language in the world (about 278 million speakers) and the largest native language in Europe.

4. 5. 6. папа, панда, нет, спорт, как, актриса, артист The Russian letter Þ looks like this in cursive: д да, куда Notice the difference between the letters г (rounded corners) and ч (sharp corners). друг, город чек, конечно The upper case У does not extend below the line, unlike the lower case у. Университет тут, студент The letter ц has a very small tail: цеце, пицца в and б are the only tall letters. август, вас банан, зебра 7. ” Do в. ь день, писатель, очень The letter ы looks like the soft sign with an extra line.

Listen to the pronunciation of the hard and soft variants of the following consonants. Repeat after the recording. consonant hard soft (e follows) Þ ( follows) ( follows) ķ ķ A Ÿ Ÿ ( follows) ( follows) ķ (soft sign follows) c 8 Ÿ a ï ķ The Letters , , , and at the Beginning of Words or After Another Vowel The letters e, , , and start with a distinct y-sound at the beginning of a word and after another vowel. 6. Listen and repeat. Beginning of word a ¿ After another vowel ķ Ÿ Ÿ 7. Listen and repeat.

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