By Aje-Ori Anna Agbese
Within the Nineteen Nineties, Nigeria, like every nations in Asia, Africa, jap Europe and Latin the United States, underwent transition courses to come the rustic to democracy. Nigeria’s democratization within the Nineteen Nineties used to be a civil and overseas circulate to loose Nigeria from over two decades of authoritarian army rule. Agbese examines the position and time table of the Nigerian press within the democratization technique, highlighting the grave demanding situations the Nigerian press confronted – such as jail, arrest, and assassination – in pushing for democratization in Nigeria.
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Extra info for The Role of the Press and Communication Technology in Democratization: The Nigerian Story (African Studies)
Buhari never announced any plans to hand over to a civilian government during his regime and focused on fighting corruption, producing disciplined citizens and fighting the drug war instead (Agbese, 2000). However, his draconian laws created a frightened nation, as drug traffickers were executed, hundreds of people were detained without trial or even knowing their offences, and the infamous Public Officers Protection Against 36 The Role of the Press and Communication Technology False Accusation Decree 4 alienated the press.
New communication technologies essentially threatened authoritarian governments in the late 1980s and 1990s because their citizens now had other ways to send out information and engage in political discourse. The technologies also provided a way to organize and fight authoritarian or unsatisfactory governments, and fuelled a global spread of democratic optimism (Tettey, 2001a). One could conclude that “political and technological changes” in the 1990s were related “revolutionary catalysts” that strengthened “the third wave of democracy and helped extend democratic dispensation around the globe” (Tettey, 2001a, p.
101). Instead, millions of naira went down the drain in futility (Ojo, 2000). His government also repressed the press. In 1986, a prominent investigative journalist, Dele Giwa, was killed by a letter bomb. The government banned his magazine, Newswatch, for six months in 1987 for publishing a confidential government report from the Political Bureau on the systems considered for the country’s return to democracy (Faringer, 1991). The regime closed several print media several times. Nigerians watched all these and suspecting that Babangida was not Case Study—Nigeria 39 going to step down, formed pro-democracy and civil rights groups to challenge him (Edozie, 2002).