By Bang-Sup Song
This publication exhibits readers to prevent universal error in circuit layout, and provides vintage circuit ideas and layout ways from the transistor to the method degrees. The dialogue is geared to be obtainable and optimized for sensible designers who are looking to learn how to create circuits with out simulations. subject by means of subject, the writer courses designers to benefit the vintage analog layout abilities by way of knowing the elemental electronics ideas appropriately, and additional prepares them to believe convinced in designing high-performance, state-of-the paintings CMOS analog structures. This e-book combines and provides all in-depth precious details to accomplish a number of layout initiatives in order that readers can grab crucial fabric, with out examining throughout the complete ebook. This top-down technique is helping readers to construct useful layout services speedy, ranging from their figuring out of electronics fundamentals.
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Additional info for System-level Techniques for Analog Performance Enhancement
Since the noise is a random variable with a zero mean, it can be defined only using its variance. As in Fig. 25, the noise voltages and their algebraic sum and difference in the time domain cannot be defined, but the noise power is defined. The instantaneous power fluctuates forever with a variance assuming that the circuit stays in steady state keeping the same small-signal parameters. However, in Fig. 24 Noise power shaped by filter v2 Δf H( f ) 2 H( f ) × v2 = Δf v2 1 × Δf f2 1+ 2 f–3dB 24 1 Discrete-Time Switching Circuits Fig.
314–315 3. B. Razavi, A strongARM latch. IEEE Solid State Circuits Mag 7, 12–17 (2015) 4. W. Song, H. Choi, S. Kwak, B. Song, A 10-b, 20-MSamples/s low-power CMOS ADC. IEEE J. Solid State Circuits 30, 514–521 (1995) 5. F. van der Goes, C. Ward, S. Astgimath, H. Yan, J. Riley, J. Mulder, S. Wang, K. 5mW 68dB SNDR 80MS/s 2x interleaved SAR-assisted pipelined ADC in 28nm CMOS, ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers (Feb 2014), pp. 200–201 6. A. Bugeja, B. Song, P. Lakers, S. Gillig, A 14b 100MS/s CMOS DAC designed for spectral performance.
4 Quantization Error vs. White Noise The ADC output in time domain can be divided into two. One is deterministic and the other is random. The magnitudes of the deterministic terms can be added. So ¼ pﬃﬃﬃﬃ pﬃﬃﬃﬃ pﬃﬃﬃﬃ Si Æ Q Æ D Æ δ c ; ð1:20Þ where Si, Q, and D represent the powers of the input, quantization error, and distortion, respectively. The comparator error term δc in a broad sense includes all known non-Gaussian comparator-related errors: Threshold, sparkle, and metastability errors. 20), the quantization error is a random white noise, and its spectrum is assumed to be white.