By Thomas Heyd
How do the ways that we predict approximately and describe nature form the use and defense of our environment? Do our probably well-intentioned efforts in environmental conservation replicate a recognize for nature or our wish to keep an eye on nature's wildness? The individuals to this assortment deal with those and different questions as they discover the theoretical and functional implications of a vital point of environmental philosophy and policy-the autonomy of nature. In concentrating on the popularity and which means of nature's autonomy and linking problems with metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and coverage, the essays offer a number of new views on human relationships to nature.The authors start via exploring what's intended by way of "nature," in what experience it may be noticeable as self reliant, and what recognize for the autonomy of nature may well entail. They study the conflicts that come up among the pride of human wishes (food, guard, etc.) and the flora and fauna. The participants additionally ponder even if the actions of humans give a contribution to nature's autonomy. of their research of those matters, they not just draw on philosophy and ethics; additionally they talk about how the belief of nature's autonomy impacts coverage judgements concerning the security of agricultural, rural, and seashore areas.The essays within the book's ultimate part flip to administration and recovery practices. The essays during this part pay shut awareness to how efforts at environmental security modify or strengthen the normal dating among people and nature. extra particularly, the individuals learn even if administration practices, as they're utilized in nature conservation, truly advertise the autonomy of nature, or whether or not they flip the surroundings right into a "client" for policymakers.
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Extra info for Recognizing the Autonomy of Nature: Theory and Practice
Despite current temptations to cynicism about the concept of progress, I do not favor any simple abandonment of the concept as inevitably complicit in those dominant narratives; some concepts (like democracy and progress) are just too important to cede to the opposition. 6 Progressive naturalism requires that we disentangle the liberatory roles of the concept of nature from the antiliberatory ones. This can be diﬃcult. Culture/nature dualism hinders this disentangling project in several ways; it legitimates usages in which categorizing something as natural functions to rule out any social focus, any questioning or resistance.
Where we cannot quite forget how dependent on nature we really are, dependency appears as a source of anxiety and threat or as a further technological problem to be overcome. How to attribute credit for mixed forms of labor is always a complex matter; think of the problems that can arise in recognizing the contributions of others to an academic paper, for example. But when hegemonic patterns of backgrounding and denial of agency are operative, recognizing contributions and apportioning credit between nature and culture, between the human and the nonhuman, can be especially complex and involve multiple and crosscutting denials that overemphasize or underemphasize the various elements.
In this view, respect is due 22 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. RECOGNIZING THE AUTONOMY OF NATURE to nature for quasi-Kantian reasons, insofar as treating subjects as if they were mere objects is a straightforward moral mistake. : Rowman and Littleﬁeld, 997). Katz, Nature as Subject, p. xvi. Though not only in industrialized countries. See, for example, Thomas Heyd, “Environmental Ethics in Latin America,” Environmental Values 3 (2004): 223– 42. See Katz, Nature as Subject, passim. On the value of nature restoration for the development of the relationship between human beings and the natural environment, also see Thomas Heyd, “Nature Restoration Without Dissimulation: Learning from Japanese Gardens and Earthworks,” Essays in Philosophy 3, no.