By Antoine Mooij
Psychiatry or psychopathology reveals itself in a kingdom of imbalance. the explanation: the impossibility to unite organic and mental components. successfully, this ends up in the psychic truth being principally neglected. And but psychiatry as a human technology should recognize the psychic fact: the human skill to symbolise truth. This e-book demonstrates that phenomenology, hermeneutics and Lacanian psychoanalysis help this view, while additionally drawing on Cassirer's conception of symbolization. within the area of psychopathology, this convergence and the conceptual area it brings supply a chance to create cross-fertilisation, enlarging the Lacanian scientific standpoint. it's going to lead to a philosophical notion of guy as animal symbolicum, an animal fallen prey to language. In sum, the booklet renders a contribution to Lacanian psychopathology, to the philosophy of psychiatry and to philosophical anthropology. it really is of curiosity to psychiatrists, psychologists, psychoanalysts and philosophers alike
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Additional info for Psychiatry as a Human Science : Phenomenological, Hermeneutical and Lacanian Perspectives
55). In Jaspers’ phenomenology, the emphasis is on describing the patient’s inner experiences, in order to identify phenomena that can be associated with one’s own experiences, being enlargements, reductions or combinations of such experiences as well as experiences that the investigator is unable to relate to. Familiar though we may be with feelings of anxiety and compulsion, compulsive phenomena in a obsessive-compulsive disorder will be more intense or of a different variety. , the feeling of ceased personal activity.
From that moment onwards, modern psychiatry – originated from nursing and care settings rather than from academia – would go on to establish itself in the world of science. It purposefully positioned itself outside medical science, which in the same period was allying itself with university clinics in a bid to give its actions a natural-scientific basis (as was pointed out in Chapter One). Its consequences would be twofold. Little though could be accomplished in practice, the objectives of psychiatry were not essentially scientific, but practical or even therapeutic in nature.
Binswanger intended to reach more deeply, starting from experience and probing down to the person expressed through it. This is where the specifically phenomenological aspect lies. Ultimately, the phenomenology developed by Husserl does not deal with experience itself, but with the intentional connection between an I (-pole) and an object (-pole) within the context of this experience. That which an perception focuses on – its object – may differ from the object of memory in its presentation. In parallel, its relationship with the ‘I’ is also different.