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By Radcliffe G. Edmonds III

Plato, Aristophanes, and the creators of the "Orphic" gold capsules hire the normal story of a trip to the area of the lifeless to redefine, in the mythic narrative, the bounds in their societies. instead of being the relics of a pale ritual culture or the goods of Orphic effect, those myths can merely demonstrate their meanings via this distinctive research of the explicit ways that each one writer uses the culture.

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Myths of the Underworld Journey: Plato, Aristophanes, and the 'Orphic' Gold Tablets

Plato, Aristophanes, and the creators of the "Orphic" gold drugs hire the normal story of a trip to the world of the useless to redefine, in the mythic narrative, the bounds in their societies. instead of being the relics of a pale ritual culture or the goods of Orphic impression, those myths can in simple terms show their meanings via this designated research of the explicit ways that every one writer uses the culture.

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Plato’s Phaedrus 265e. While Greimas’ bipartite structures could likewise be considered analytic tools that divide the tale into the problem and the resolution of the problem, I find that separating the solution to the problem from the final result provides a more comprehensive understanding of the teller’s manipulations of the mythic 6:44 P1: KNP-JYD/KFO-JLP 0521834341c01 P2: KOD CB671-Edmonds-v2 June 15, 2004 22 Myths of the Underworld Journey Taking the shared pattern of action as the basis for comparison of the texts, I examine the differences among these stories of a journey to the underworld, differences that lie primarily in each teller’s selection of motifs.

49 West 1983, pp. 4–7, 144–160. West, unlike Dodds, gives little explanation of the process of reinterpretation and adaptation necessary for the transmission of the motifs and patterns. ” (Thiercy 1986, p. , Campbell, Joseph, Hero with a Thousand Faces. , Knight, Elysion. Eliade links this pattern of death and rebirth not only to the personal experience but also to natural 47 cp. 6:44 P1: KNP-JYD/KFO-JLP 0521834341c01 P2: KOD CB671-Edmonds-v2 June 15, 2004 20 Myths of the Underworld Journey stories presume that the meaning of the myth must be contained in the pattern of action, whether in its mediation of bipolar oppositions or in its repetition of ritual patterns.

The Approach: Obstacle–Solution–Result The texts all contain instructions for the deceased after death: “Do not even go near this spring” or “Tell Persephone that Bacchios himself has 16 cp. Burkert’s descriptions of the possible compositions of such religious movements in Burkert 1982 passim. Guthrie 1952 (p. ) presumes the Orphic movement originated with the lower social classes, whereas Musti 1984 (p. 75) argues that such groups must have begun among the aristocracy and filtered down the social scale.

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