By Jerry H. Bentley
Focusing at the paintings of Lorenzo Valla, the Spanish Complutensian students, and Erasmus of Rotterdam, this publication examines the hot testomony stories of the Renaissance humanists instead of their extra often studied non secular, ethical, and political inspiration. Jerry H. Bentley indicates that the humanists caused an intensive reorientation within the Western culture of recent testomony reviews. He reveals that the humanists' equipment either expected and inspired later New testomony scholarship.
The humanists rejected the medieval perform of learning the hot testomony in basic terms in Latin translation and examining it in response to preconceived theological standards. as a substitute, they insisted that New testomony experiences be in keeping with the unique Greek textual content, they usually hired linguistic, historic, and philological standards in explaining the scriptures. This examine rests on an research of the hot testomony manuscripts that the humanists consulted and of the hot testomony versions, translations, annotations, an commentaries that they prepared.
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Additional resources for Humanists and Holy Writ: New Testament Scholarship in the Renaissance
Like other branches of scholarship, scriptural exegesis reflects the broader culture from which it emerges. By Lyra's time allegorical and spiritual exegesis had lang been regarded as an important, even necessary ingredient in any complete exposition of the New Testament. Since Lyra was thoroughly committed to the medieval Catholic tradition, it should cause no surprise to find him employing the characteristic medieval methods of allegorical and spiritual exegesis. Lyra's New Testament scholarship reflects medieval culture also in another way which few historians have recognized: he resorted frequently to Aristotelian philosophy and scholastic 25 THE RENAISSANCE AND SCHOLARSHIP theology to solve scriptural problems and to support interpre: tations relevant to his own times.
24 He prepared also a Postilla 1tUJralis (sometimes entitled simply Moralia) to complement his literal commentary. lt is a much shorter work than the Postilla litteralis: Lyra thought its brevSee again the general prologue to the Postilla litteralis. Lubac argues (correctly, I think) that Lyra's exegesis was not so onesidedly literal as most interpretations suggest. See his Exegese medievale, 4:34467. 23 24 23 THE RENAISSANCE AND SCHOLARSHIP ity excusable on the ground that exegetes had lang since devoted considerable attention to the spiritual sense of scripture.
17 THE RENAISSANCE AND SCHOLARSHIP attention to words and the problems entailed in their transmission, translation, and explanation. Unless scholars notice these problems they can hardly become philologists. Byzantine scholars of the New Testament could regard editorial problems as largely solved; they could ignore problems of translation, since they used the New Testament in its original language; and the problem of explaining the Greek language was obviously less difficult for them than for westerners.