Download George Herbert Mead: A Unifying Theory for Sociology by Baldwin PDF

By Baldwin

During this concise, readable synthesis of Mead's paintings within the social sciences, the breadth, scope and persevered relevance of his pragmatic philosophy is emphasized. Baldwin supplies an summary of the parts of Mead's theoretical approach, the philosophical foundations of his unified thought and the functions of his paintings in lots of various components of social inquiry.

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Seemingly, the whole world would be absolutely fixed and determined. That is a conceivable statement of this mechanical science” (Mead, 1936: 250). Although Mead acknowledged that the mechanical model worked quite well in explaining the motion and transformation of inanimate objects (Mead, 1932: 34), he stated that it “did not deal with the characters which belong to living organisms” (Mead, 1936: 260). “Plants and animals . . present to science objects whose essential characters are found not in that which undergoes [mechanical] transformation but in the process itself.

Concludes that nature is a mechanism and only a mechanism” (Dewey, 1929: 248). Although Mead and Dewey opposed purely mechanical approaches to science, they advocated a balanced integration of mechanism and process. 46 GEORGE HERBERT MEAD OBJECTIVE PSYCHOLOGY A nondualist analysis of human conduct, that integrates both mental and physical activity, played a central role in Mead’s unified theory. Mead’s methods for studying behavior are closely tied to his rejection of dualism and the introspective psychologies favored by dualistic thinkers.

Is the fundamental datum in both social and individual psychology when behavioristically conceived, and it has both an inner and an outer phase, an internal and an external aspect” 17 (Mead, 1934: 8). Mead’s method for approaching the internal and external components of the act was to work “from the outside to the inside” (Mead, 1934: 8). Mead wrote that his social behaviorism was “particularly concerned with the rise of such [inner] experience within the process as a whole. It simply works from the outside to the inside instead of from the inside to the outside, so to speak, in its endeavor 48 GEORGE HERBERT MEAD to determine how such [inner] experience does arise within the process” (Mead, 1934: 7-8).

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