Download Emergency Planning for Industrial Hazards by H.B.F. Gow, R.W. Kay PDF

By H.B.F. Gow, R.W. Kay

Court cases of the eu convention on Emergency making plans for business risks, held on the Congress Centre, Villa Ponti, Varese, Italy, 4-6 November 1987.

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In the past, consideration has been given almost entirely to the benefit derived from the use of chemical substances, without also 16 EMERGENCY PLANNING FOR INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS taking account of the consequences of damage, which have sometimes been catastrophic. For several years, however, an attempt has been made to redress the balance by evaluating the risk which the production and use of a chemical substance might cause. Chemical substances are therefore of prime importance in the programmes of the CEC and also Italy, and during recent years important and concrete initiatives have been set up including, in the first place, the CEC Directive 82/501 which has recently been modified by Directive 87/216.

BINETTI Ministry of Public Health, Rome, Italy 1 INTRODUCTION There are about 100000 chemical substances on the market. Of these, however, about 10000 are of great importance from the point of view of quantity, production and use at the industrial level, and many of these present greater or lesser danger to man and the environment. This really high number gives an idea of the size of the problem presented by the production, employment, use and elimination of chemical substances. It is thus necessary for the risks that they present to be evaluated at different levels, to identify the conditions of acceptability without prejudice to the preservation by the health authorities of man and the environment.

Yet, somehow or other, by virtue of political cohesion and the judiciary the bureaucracy has, over the years, generally produced effective programmes to implement the decisions of democratic government. Traditionally, the primary responsibility for caring for the local populace—whatever the contingency—has been devolved from central to local government. It is the responsibility of local governments to feed the hungry, house the homeless and, generally, restore the aftermath of a major emergency to normality as soon as practicable.

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