By Carolyn D. Berdanier
"Following within the culture of its well known predecessor, the CRC table Reference for meals, moment variation explains 1000's of phrases favourite in medication, nutrients technological know-how, metabolism, body structure, and nutrients. completely up to date and extended to mirror significant advances over the last decade, this reference lists entries alphabetically and go references them while a number of phrases are used for a similar definition. every one access is both by means of a definition, paragraph, essay, composition, article, or function article. a number of the extra complicated entries are supported with figures or tables. The textual content additionally contains appendices. the 1st includes common information regarding meal making plans and meals choice, whereas the second one offers quite a few metabolic maps that illustrate the pathways all in favour of significant metabolic systems."--BOOK JACKET. learn more... summary: "Following within the culture of its well known predecessor, the CRC table Reference for meals, moment variation explains hundreds of thousands of phrases general in drugs, meals technological know-how, metabolism, body structure, and food. completely up to date and extended to mirror significant advances during the last decade, this reference lists entries alphabetically and pass references them whilst a number of phrases are used for a similar definition. every one access is both by way of a definition, paragraph, essay, composition, article, or function article. the various extra complicated entries are supported with figures or tables. The textual content additionally comprises appendices. the 1st comprises basic information regarding meal making plans and meals choice, whereas the second one offers quite a few metabolic maps that illustrate the pathways enthusiastic about significant metabolic systems."--BOOK JACKET
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Extra info for CRC desk reference for nutrition
In the human, ascorbate is absorbed in the small intestine by an active transport system that is sodium and energy dependent and requires a carrier protein. Any excess vitamin consumed beyond need is excreted in the urine. There is a very efficient reabsorption mechanism in the kidneys that serves to conserve ascorbic acid in times of need. Ascorbic acid readily converts between the free and dehydro forms. Thus, it functions in hydrogen ion transfer systems and aids in the regulation of redox states in the cells.
Thus, aldosterone plays an important role in sodium and water conservation (see Figure 2). ALENDRONATE SODIUM An antiosteroporous drug. Trade Name: Fosamax. ALIMENTARY CANAL See gastrointestinal tract. ALIMENTARY TOXIC ALEUKIS (ATA) See mycotoxins; trichothecenes. ALIPHATIC A chain of carbon atoms with associated hydrogen and hydroxyl groups. ALIPHATIC AMINO ACIDS Amino acids which consist of a chain of carbon atoms. These include alanine, cysteine, glycine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, serine, threonine, and valine.
AMINO ACID METABOLISM See Appendix II : metabolic maps. AMINOACIDOPATHY Inborn errors (mutations in specific genetic sequences for specific gene products) resulting in inadequate utilization of one or more amino acids. Common examples include phenylketonuria, which results when one or more mutations occur in the gene for the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase. Table 6 lists some of these disorders. AMINO ACID POOL The free amino acids present in the cytosol of cells and in the fluids that surround them.