By David Highfield
Facade-retention schemes are getting used progressively more as a method of offering glossy lodging for advertisement and commercial constructions when maintaining the exterior architectural beneficial properties of ancient and engaging structures in conservation components and town centres. This ebook is a consultant to this hugely advanced strategy and comprises exact case reports of 8 profitable facade-retention initiatives. the development of latest constructions in the back of historical facades is a different part within the historical past of structure. it will possibly merely be utilized to commonly built constructions with load bearing exterior partitions and it provides designers and contractors with distinctive technical difficulties. the topic additionally increases philosophical and moral questions that have generated a lot controversy among conservationists, architects, builders and planners. although, facade-retention has been famous as a practical and precious compromise which mixes architectural conservation with new improvement. the purpose of "The building of latest structures at the back of old Facades" is to provide an explanation for the most important matters linked to the topic, together with the heritage to and purposes for, its frequent use, its acceptability as a way of architectural conservation, making plans tactics, layout, the structural difficulties linked to facade-retention and the technical ideas which might be used to beat them. The illustrated case reviews of contemporary facade-retention schemes provide an in depth perception into the actual strategies and ideas which are used. This ebook could be of curiosity to architects, surveyors, structural engineers, builders and vendors, making plans officials and people inquisitive about development conservation and teachers and scholars in those disciplines.
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Additional resources for Construction of New Buildings Behind Historic Facades
1519, HMSO, London. 1 General Although the design of every facade retention scheme should be assessed on its own particular merits, the process of evaluation can be significantly aided by reference to certain criteria which are generally desirable as a basis for achieving acceptable schemes. The criteria that follow, which are intended to cover the main aspects and are therefore by no means exhaustive, have been developed from a combination of sources which include a set of guidelines on alterations to listed buildings compiled by the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England (set out in Department of the Environment Circular 8/87 Historic Buildings and Conservation Areas-Policy and Procedures), the practical lessons learned from a number of completed facade retention schemes, and the findings of research into the subject.
They are concerned only with the subsequent and more specific problems of actual design, and should therefore be of value to architects, planners and conservationists in the evaluation of facade retention schemes. 2 Alterations to the retained facade Any alterations which might adversely affect the special architectural or historic interest of the retained facade, or its contribution to the townscape, should be kept to a minimum. If a facade is considered worthy of preservation, it will generally be because of the contribution it makes as it stands, and, in view of the considerable licence given to developers by facade retention, any further alterations which may adversely affect it should be strongly discouraged.
A total of 51 resin-anchor connections were used to tie back the facade, initially to the temporary support system, and finally to the new structural frame. 21 were located at 750 mm centres at first floor level, 21 at 750 mm centres at second floor level and 9 at third floor level. Those at the upper level were used in conjunction with a number of through-ties of different design which are described later. 1 shows the locations of the facade ties. When the 51 resin-anchor ties between the facade and its temporary support system were completed, demolition of the existing structure could commence.