By Dina Tsagari, Ildikó Csépes
The information for sturdy perform of the ecu organization for Language trying out and evaluation (EALTA) rigidity the significance of collaboration among all events desirous about the method of constructing tools, actions and programmes for checking out and evaluate. Collaboration is taken into account to be as vital as validity and reliability, offering a very important prerequisite for accountability and appreciate for college students. The papers, overlaying more than a few themes that think of either realities and customers of collaboration, have been initially provided at EALTA meetings from 2008 to 2010.
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Additional resources for Collaboration in Language Testing and Assessment
Pattern Matching was used to validate the structure of the empirical construct compared to the theoretical construct of the CEFR. Other methods such as a discriminant analysis and a bivariate frequency analysis were used for the analysis of the development of language proficiency and the analysis of descriptors for reading, listening and writing separately. The authors themselves name the small sample (n=12) and other decisions that had to be taken as limiting the results of the study. , 2002) is an adaptation and extension of the CEFR for German as a Foreign Language.
Cizek and Bunch (2007) take the view that the use of multiple methods should be avoided as there is no consensus on how to synthesize the different results. Given that differences are to be expected, for the current study, it was decided to address this problem by defining an acceptable degree of difference. The claim for validation is that a B2-level of proficiency is needed to pass the Pre-1 test. Provided that standard setting in both projects derives cut-off scores for classifying test takers as minimally competent at B2 level which are lower than the score required to actually pass the Pre-1 test, this would be considered an acceptable degree of difference.
1 Study design and research questions As was stated in the introduction, the quality assurance guidelines suggested by Lenz and Schneider (2004) are often ignored when descriptors are adapted to local contexts. The study presented in this chapter sought to address this problem. It aimed at adapting CEFR scales and descriptors to a specific domain, professional communication situations for three jobs with a focus on the quality of the validation procedure. The second aim was to create exemplary FL competence profiles for the aforementioned professional communication situations in three jobs that function as a FL needs analysis at the same time, also based on the CEFR.