Download Climate Change and the Oil Industry: Common Problems, by Jon Birger Skjaerseth, Tora Skodvin PDF

By Jon Birger Skjaerseth, Tora Skodvin

This quantity provides an in depth examine of the weather suggestions of ExxonMobil, Shell, and Statoil. With an cutting edge analytical strategy, the authors clarify diversifications at 3 decision-making degrees: in the businesses themselves, within the nationwide home-bases of the corporations, and on the foreign point. The research generates policy-relevant wisdom approximately even if and the way company resistance to a achievable weather coverage will be conquer.

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Extra resources for Climate Change and the Oil Industry: Common Problems, Different Strategies

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G. demand for cheap petrol. If climate-change measures mean higher petrol prices, variation in demand for cheap petrol can contribute to an explanation of corporate climate strategies. 3 It is important to emphasise that the purpose here is not to explain why climate policy differs and changes within and across countries. Climate policy may be caused by other factors, such as energyeconomic circumstances (see Chapter 5). 4 Climate-policy instruments can also be understood in a broader sense, when organisation, information and research and development (R & D) are included.

In addition, as discussed above, a 2543Chap2 16/7/03 22 9:57 am Page 22 Climate change and the oil industry company’s interpretation of future trends also depends upon its history and past experience. This indicates that the relationship between learning capacity and corporate strategies is characterised by causal complexity and is hence difficult to determine (Ragin, 1987). Causal complexity refers to a situation where it is the combination of conditions that produces change – which is different from saying that each variable in itself produces a change in another variable.

It suggests that key sources of state behaviour can be found at the domestic political level rather than in the international society: differences in state responses to common problems may be traced back to the state, or government itself, the society, or the relationship between state and the society. We have used this model to shed light on how multinational corporations adopt climate strategies. Accordingly, we assume that corporations are affected by a social demand for environmental protection, governmental supply of climate policies and the political institutions linking supply and demand.

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