By Catherine M. Tucker
Drawing on ethnographic and archival learn, this e-book explores how the indigenous Lenca group of l. a. Campa, Honduras, has conserved and reworked their communal forests in the course of the stories of colonialism, competition to state-controlled logging, and the hot adoption of export-oriented espresso creation. The booklet merges political ecology, collective-action theories, and institutional research to check how the folk and forests have replaced via quite a few transitions.
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Additional info for Changing Forests: Collective Action, Common Property, and Coffee in Honduras
Higher educational attainment and recent processes of migration are discussed as bringing new dimensions to people’s relationships with their forests and each other. At the same time, the chapter traces evidence of enduring resilience and capacity for collective action, especially the creation of a watershed reserve, potable water projects, and new cooperatives. Nongovernment organizations and international donor agencies emerge as major facilitators of local organization and entrepreneurial activity.
By evaluating this trade-off in light of the community’s persistent poverty, it is possible to argue that coffee plantations represent a better option for the environment than annual crops or pasture. Yet coffee interrelated with social transformations and increasing economic heterogeneity, which posed challenges for community-development priorities and collective action. These challenges were magnified with the advent of the coffee crisis of 1999–2003. Chapter 6 focuses on how the coffee crisis impacted coffee growers and the evidence for resilience in their adaptations.
It may be that the Spaniards founded Tecauxina (Chapman 1992) on the site of a prehispanic indigenous settlement; archaeological evidence suggests that both indigenous people and Spaniards lived there (Ardón Mejía 1989). In 1536, Pedro de Alvarado, a Spanish chronicler in western Honduras, mentioned a pueblo called Tiquixima, which may have been be a reference to Tecauxina (Castegnaro de Foletti 1989). The origin of the name “La Campa” presents a puzzle. It seems to have Spanish derivation, but the closest word is “el campo” (“the field” or “the countryside”).