Download Scottish Ghosts by Lily Seafield PDF

By Lily Seafield

Scotland is wealthy in folklore, with tales of white women, fairies, ghostly horrors and phantom sightings, in addition to poltergeists. This selection of tales gains areas far and wide Scotland, in addition to haunted homes, castles, abbeys, inns, pubs and theatres, or even haunted pets.

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Download Abkhaz by Viacheslav A. Chirikba PDF

By Viacheslav A. Chirikba

Abkhaz is among the 3 languages comprising the Abkhazo-Adyghean, or West Caucasian department of North Caucasian linguistic kinfolk (the different department being Nakh-Daghestanian, or East Caucasian). Abkhaz is spoken by means of nearly 100,000 humans within the former Soviet union (mainly within the Republic of Abkhazia, Caucasus), and via no less than an identical variety of audio system in Turkey and a few center east nations (small Abkhaz colonies are available additionally in Western Europe and the USA). Abkhaz is infamous for its large consonantal stock (up to sixty seven consonants in its Bzyp dialect) and via its minimum vocalic procedure: merely vowels. although Abkhaz was once studied via a couple of students (among whom P. Uslar in XIX century, or extra simply okay. Lomtatidze in Georgia and G. Hewitt in nice Britain), many points of Abkhaz grammar (especially its syntax) nonetheless must be safely defined. Abkhaz is the one West Caucasian language to own the class of grammatical periods, manifested in own pronouns, verb conjugation, numerals and in class of quantity. Abkhaz is an ergative language, the ergative building being represented now not through case endings, as in comparable Circassian and Ubykh (Abkhaz doesn't have the case system), yet via order of actant markers. The verbal root is composed frequently of 1 consonant, preceded by way of a string of prefixes (class-personal, directional, temporal, negational, causative, etc.) and by means of few suffixes. Verbs may be stative or dynamic, finite or non-finite. The grammatical comic strip of Abkhaz contains information regarding its phonological approach, morphology, and syntax. a quick textual content is supplied with grammatical reviews.

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Download The Sea in the Greek Imagination by Marie-Claire Beaulieu PDF

By Marie-Claire Beaulieu

The sea is omnipresent in Greek lifestyles. seen from approximately far and wide, the ocean represents the existence and livelihood of many that live at the islands and coastal parts of the Mediterranean, and it's been so because lengthy ago—the sea loomed huge within the Homeric epics and all through Greek mythology. The Greeks of antiquity became to the ocean for nutrition and for delivery; for warfare, trade, and clinical development; and for spiritual purification and different rites. but, the ocean was once at the same time the heart of Greek existence and its restrict. For, whereas the ocean used to be a giver of a lot, it additionally embodied possibility and uncertainty. It used to be in turns barren and fertile, and pictured as either a roadway and a terrifying void. just like the ocean in Greek fantasy is as conflicting because it is usual, with sea crossings taking over probably incompatible meanings in several circumstances.

In The Sea within the Greek Imagination, Marie-Claire Beaulieu unifies the multifarious representations of the ocean and sea crossings in Greek delusion and imagery by way of positing the ocean as a cosmological boundary among the mortal international, the underworld, and the nation-states of the immortal. via six in-depth case reviews, she indicates how, greater than an easy actual boundary, the ocean represented the buffer region among the imaginary and the genuine, the transitional house among the worlds of the residing, the lifeless, and the gods. From dolphin riders to Dionysus, maidens to mermen, Beaulieu investigates the position of the ocean in Greek fantasy in a broad-ranging and leading edge study.

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Download King Arthur in Antiquity by Graham Anderson PDF

By Graham Anderson

This unique and compelling learn argues opposed to the conventional id of Arthur with a king in Celtic Britain. as an alternative, Graham Anderson explores the proof for 2 a lot older Arthur figures, identified to classical writers as kings of Arcadia and Lydia over a millennium earlier than. He exhibits how those kings may be basically hooked up with conventional Arthurian characters and adventures, together with an historic Gawain, a girl of Shallott, and a predecessor of Excalibur, and that the Arthurian universe present in Welsh stories and French Romances is already expected in those earliest of Arthurian fabrics. This radical reassessment of the origins of the Arthurian legends presents a brand new standpoint on an age-old ancient puzzle.

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Download Creolization as Cultural Creativity by Robert Baron, Ana C. Cara PDF

By Robert Baron, Ana C. Cara

International in scope and multidisciplinary in strategy, Creolization as Cultural Creativity explores the expressive types and performances that come into being whilst cultures come upon each other. Creolization is gifted as a strong marker of id within the postcolonial creole societies of Latin the US, the Caribbean, and the southwest Indian Ocean area, in addition to a common approach which can ensue anyplace cultures come into contact.An remarkable variety of cultures from Haiti, Martinique, Guadeloupe, the southern usa, Trinidad and Tobago, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Réunion, Puerto Rico, Argentina, Suriname, Jamaica, and Sierra Leone are mentioned in those essays. Drawing from the disciplines of folklore, anthropology, ethnomusicology, literary stories, background, and fabric tradition stories, essayists handle theoretical dimensions of creolization and current in-depth box reports. themes comprise diversifications of the Gombe drum over the process its migration from Jamaica to West Africa; makes use of of "ritual piracy" keen on the appropriation of Catholic symbols by way of Puerto Rican brujos; the subversion of professional tradition and authority via playful and combative use of "creole speak" in Argentine literature and verbal arts; the mislabeling and trivialization ("toy blindness") of gadgets appropriated via African american citizens within the American South; the strategic use of creole innovations between storytellers in the islands of the Indian Ocean; and the creolized personality of latest Orleans and its track. within the introductory essay the editors deal with either neighborhood and common dimensions of creolization and argue for the centrality of its expressive manifestations for creolization scholarship.

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Download The African Transformation of Western Medicine and the by David Baronov PDF

By David Baronov

The African Transformation of Western drugs and the Dynamics of world Cultural trade contends that modern African clinical systemsono much less "biomedical" than Western medicineoin truth tremendously increase and extend the concept of biomedicine, reframing it as a world cultural shape deployed throughout worldwide networks of cultural alternate. The booklet analyzes biomedicine as a posh and dynamic socio-cultural shape, the conceptual premises of which make it unavoidably topic to ongoing swap and improvement because it travels the globe. David Baronov captures the complexities of this cultural alternate through the use of world-systems research in a fashion that locations worldwide cultural strategies on equivalent footing with political and monetary strategies. In doing so, he either permits the tale of Africa's transformation of "Western" biomedicine to learn and gives new insights into the capitalist international approach.

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Download Himalayan Tribal Tales: Oral Tradition and Culture in the by Teaches in the Department of Languages and Cultures of South PDF

By Teaches in the Department of Languages and Cultures of South Asia at the School of Oriental African Studies Stuart Blackburn

Apatani oral culture, within the jap Himalayas, illustrates key cultural principles, social practices and identification building. A comparative research of Apatani tales finds parallels around the prolonged jap Himalayas, from Arunachal Pradesh to upland Southeast Asia and southwest China.

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Download Plato Selected Myths by Plato PDF

By Plato

As soon as upon a time there have been simply the gods; mortal beings didn't but exist. we're used to taking into consideration myths containing strains like this easily as tales, and smooth myths as made up and fictitious. For the traditional Greeks, although, a fable was once unveiled truth, and for Plato, who used to be a myth-maker in addition to a myth-teller, a fable might let us know whatever very important approximately ourselves and our international. the final word function of Plato's myths is to assist us stay a greater lifestyles, and to educate philosophical truths in a kind we will be able to most simply comprehend. This quantity brings jointly ten of the main celebrated Platonic myths from 8 of Plato's dialogues, starting from the early Protagoras and Gorgias to the later Timaeus and Critias. the gathering comprises the well-known fantasy of the cave from Republic in addition to "The Judgement of Souls" and "The start of Love." each one fantasy is a self-contained tale, prefaced by way of a quick explanatory be aware. An creation to the quantity considers Plato's use of fable and imagery. those myths are either thought-provoking and profound, and jointly they supply an excellent creation to Plato's philosophy.

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Download The Oera Linda Book: From a Manuscript of the Thirteenth by William R. Sandbach PDF

By William R. Sandbach

The Oera Linda publication is a arguable manuscript, dated 1256, from the Frisian sector of the Netherlands. at the present time, it really is conventionally agreed to be a forgery, written through the mid-19th century. this is often in line with the paper which the manuscript is written on, in addition to inner and linguistic facts. Purporting to be an episodic chronicle of wars and migrations of the Frisian humans, the Oera Linda publication describes occasions dated from 2194 BCE to 803 CE. The reference date is the submergence of 'Atland,' a misplaced land within the North Sea, which, based on the ebook, happened in 2193 BCE. The publication is peppered with descriptions of catastrophic earth alterations, together with volcanic eruptions, unusual climate, and fast sea point alterations. The Oera Linda ebook additionally claims that Europe was once governed by way of a (mostly) peaceable, simply matriarchy for many of its historical past, and that the Frisians invented writing.

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Download Roots of Cataclysm: Geopulsation and the Atlantis by Richard WElch PDF

By Richard WElch

In Roots of Cataclysm, a journalist investigating the mysteries of the Ice a while and the 1st human settlements of the recent international unearths that traditional doctrine is in clash with the ancient info. He offers an invaluable and easy-to-follow advent to geology and what's identified approximately pre-history in environment the context for his research. The geology, geography and climatology of the final Ice Age provide facts which may recommend Atlantis did exist. the writer proposes that geopulsation of the earth including tectonic shifts and catastrophic volcanoes can have created a land bridge or island chain connecting Europe to the mid-Atlantic; and he explores what which can suggest for the origins of pre-Columbian American civilizations. particularly, he lines the Atlantis legend relating to the explosion of a supervolcano within the Atlantic within the seventeenth century BC. whereas it really is dependent customarily on medical facts instead of folklore and legend, the publication is enticing and written in an beautiful sort that makes technological know-how available to all.

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