By Dr. Paul D. Sturkie (auth.), Dr. Paul D. Sturkie (eds.)
Basic body structure is an creation to vertebrate body structure, stressing human body structure on the organ point, and includ ing considered necessary anatomy built-in with functionality. One bankruptcy bargains completely with topographic anatomy in atlas shape and microscopic anatomy of the crucial tissues of the physique. extra chapters disguise mobile and normal body structure; apprehensive process, muscle; blood and tissue fluids, middle and stream; respiratory, digestion and absorption; intermedi ary metabolism; strength metabolism; temperature legislation; food; kidney; endocrinology, together with hypophysis, re creation; thyroids, parathyroids, adrenals and pancreas. All strategies are emphasised and good illustrated, and con troversial fabric is passed over. it's written at a degree suited for undergraduate scholars who've had introductory classes in biology, chemistry, and arithmetic, and to extra advert vanced scholars who desire to overview the elemental options of body structure. This quantity might be specifically invaluable as a textual content for de partments of biology, zoology, nursing, wellbeing and fitness, and agricul tural sciences that provide classes in vertebrate and human body structure. simple body structure is written by means of seven material detailed ists who've enormous adventure in instructing their strong point to undergraduates learning body structure and biology.
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Its anteroposterior boundaries are associated with two prominent landmarks on the ventral surface of the brain (Fig. 11). The anterior boundary is marked by the optic chiasma (the crossing of the optic nerves); the posterior boundary is located at the posterior edge of the prominent mamillary bodies. The diencephalon is divided into: (1) thalamus, (2) hypothalamus, and (3) epithalmus, both thalamus and hypothalamus are major neural centers. The epithalamus contains two structures: the pineal body, a secretory organ (Fig.
Concentration of NaCl and H20 are the same on both sides of membranes, and diffusion continues now in both directions (double arrows). Ic"'- Na' Na + Glucose Glucose Intestinal lumen Fig. 4. Model of glucose absorption from intestine. An example of carrier-mediated (active) transport. Na+ facilitates absorption of glucose. Energy required for maintenance of N A pump is derived from ATP. K. Fed. Proc. ) 29 Cell Membrane Fig. 5. Dialysis. :) is placed in container of water. GluCose diffuses through semipermeable membrane into water, but protein molecules will not pass through membrane and remain in the bag.
Many axons provide connections between the periphery and the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). The axons of sensory neurons transmit information from sensory receptors in the periphery to the central nervous system (eNS). Motor neuron axons provide pathways for the conduction of nerve impulses from the eNS to the muscles of the trunk and limbs. Other axons provide pathways connecting the eNS with the sensory receptors, muscle cells, and secretory cells located in the viscera. The nerve axon is specialized for the transmission of nerve impulses.