By Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li
This ebook reports the producing methods of alternative purchasing luggage used for grocery reasons, existence cycle affects, modelling of existence cycle affects, carbon and eco-footprints in numerous nations, intake of procuring baggage in numerous international locations, buyer behaviour of procuring luggage in quite a few nations and its relation to eco-impact, evaluation of performance of buying luggage, inspiration and framework of eco-functional evaluate of purchasing baggage, biodegradation of procuring luggage, etc.
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Additional resources for Assessment of Environmental Impact by Grocery Shopping Bags: An Eco-Functional Approach
61 Reference region: World. b Reference region: East China, Central China, West China or China in total. c Reference year: 1990. d Target year: 2000. 16 Normalized results (milliperson Impact category Plastic bag (HDPE) GWP 100 Years-kg CO2 eq/ person/year Ozone depletion potential—kg CFC11 eq/person/year Acidification—kg SO2-eq/ person/year Photo-oxidant chemical formation—kg C2H4-eq/ person/year Radioactive solid waste—kg hazard. 2. Results of characterization were compared, since the equation and the values for characterization are common.
As far as the production of polypropylene 34 3 Life Cycle Assessment of Grocery Shopping Bags and the printing colour/dye used, nothing much can be done at the user’s end, except advising the supplier from whom these are procured to take care of the environmental issues pertaining to the manufacturing impacts of the respective products. Also it was advised to procure from the closest manufacturers, though transportation impact is not included in this study. Local transportation was found to be one of the major threats of environmental impacts and this is a two-fold issue.
4 Different life cycle assessment phases of grocery shopping bags Grocery Shopping bags, being perceived as a symbol of throw-away society, demand LCA to assess their environmental impacts. A large number of studies have been conducted to explore the life cycle impacts created by various shopping bags [25–37]. Most of the studies focused on plastic and paper bags, but very little focus on LCA has been given for nonwoven and woven bags . Life cycle inventory details for various types of grocery bags collected after investigation of various secondary data sources and a further life cycle impact and eco-fucntional assessment of different grocery bags will be dealt with in the forthcoming chapters.