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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Assessment of National Institute of Standards and Technology Programs

The nationwide Institute of criteria and expertise (NIST) Measurements and criteria Laboratories (MSL) offer technical management for the nation's size and criteria infrastructure and guarantee the provision of crucial reference facts and dimension services. At NIST's request, the nationwide examine Council (NRC) incorporates out a biennial overview of the seven MSL. The evaluation makes a speciality of every one laboratory's technical caliber and advantage; and effectiveness. It additionally examines the relevance of the NIST courses and the way good laboratory amenities, apparatus, and body of workers may be able to fulfil the MSL challenge. This document offers an total review of the MSL by way of specified tests of every of the seven laboratories.

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Extra info for An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002

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To keep the current workload under control, opportunities have been sought to delegate work to other organizations where appropriate and possible. The division should be commended as it continues to look for creative ways to manage its workload. For some time the Voltage Metrology project has been plagued by the lack of reliable and clean electric power, which is essential for the services it provides. A single, reliable, backup power generator has been installed to solve this problem. The Metrology for Electric Power Systems Program has little margin to absorb any unexpected reduction in staffing, full- or part-time, without some impact on its performance.

NIST continues to be a world leader in the realization of the ohm through state-of-the-art technology such as the quantum Hall (QH) resistance device. The QH devices are currently manufactured by NIST. However, these devices degrade over time, and NIST has had to work diligently to ensure an adequate supply. The level of resistance produced by the QH devices is very small and difficult to use. In addition, the system to realize the ohm through the device is expensive and difficult to use. The Metrology of the Ohm project team has taken on the task of trying to develop a QH device that will be less expensive and easier to use.

ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY 31 These have significant relevance in both DOD and commercial applications, and researchers need tools to understand the correlation between materials and device characteristics. It appears that researchers on this study will also play a significant role in the upcoming Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Technology Initiative. NIST will serve as an unbiased independent resource to aid in the characterization and development of nitride-based RF devices and will assist DARPA in monitoring the progress of its program.

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