Download Advances in Case-Based Reasoning: 4th European Workshop, by Luís Macedo, Amílcar Cardoso (auth.), Barry Smyth, Pádraig PDF

By Luís Macedo, Amílcar Cardoso (auth.), Barry Smyth, Pádraig Cunningham (eds.)

This ebook constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the 4th eu Workshop on Case-Based Reasoning, EWCBR-98, held in Dublin, eire, in September 1998.
The forty-one revised complete papers offered have been rigorously chosen and reviewed for inclusion within the lawsuits. The contributions deal with the illustration and association of instances in case-bases, the evaluate of case similarity, the effective retrieval of situations from huge case-bases, the difference of comparable case strategies to slot the present challenge, case studying and case-base upkeep, and the appliance of CBR expertise to real-world problems.

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Ou, and R. Cantor (2006), “Default and recovery rates of corporate bond issuers, 1920–2005”, Special Comment, Moody’s Investors Service Global Credit Research. Heckman, J. (1979), “Sample selection bias as specification error”, Econometrica 47, 153–162. , and R. Levine (1993), “Finance and growth: Schumpeter might be right”, Quarterly Journal of Economics 108, 717–738. , F. Lopez-de-Silanes, A. Shleifer, and R. Vishny (1998), “Law and finance”, Journal of Political Economy 106, 1113–1155. , and A.

Meulbroek et al 1990). An extensive body of work in the economics of technological change has documented that the characteristics of patents can be used to assess the nature of firms’ technological innovation. g. Griliches 1990, Jaffe and Trajtenberg 2002). Unlike many other measures, patents are observable for both public and privately‑held firms, which is important when studying private equity transactions. Finally, innovation is important. Economists have understood that technological innovation is critical to economic growth since the pioneering work of Abramowitz (1956) and Solow (1957).

9 Table 4: Exits of individual LBO transactions Table 4A: By time of LBO transaction Number of exits % of exits 1970- 1985- 1990- 1995- 2000- 2003- 2006- 1970- 1985- 1990- 1995- 2000- 2003- 2006All deals 1984 1989 1994 1999 2002 2005 2007 Total 1984 1989 1994 1999 2002 2005 2007 Total Bankruptcy 13 36 53 260 126 61 3 552 7% 6% 5% 8% 6% 4% 3% 6% IPO 54 155 233 372 152 143 1 1,110 28% 25% 22% 11% 8% 10% 1% 13% Sold to strategic buyer 63 215 403 1,288 759 595 43 3,366 32% 34% 38% 39% 39% 41% 38% 39% Sold to financial buyer 11 82 182 774 595 437 25 2,106 6% 13% 17% 24% 30% 30% 22% 24% Sold to LBO-backed firm 4 17 34 175 106 94 16 446 2% 3% 3% 5% 5% 6% 14% 5% Sold to management 1 8 15 53 38 14 1 130 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% Other / unknown 50 112 128 350 178 105 25 948 26% 18% 12% 11% 9% 7% 22% 11% No exit (% of all deals) 8 37 110 1,389 2,208 4,683 4,304 12,739 4% 6% 9% 30% 53% 76% 97% 60%) With financial 1970- 1985- 1990- 1995- 2000- 2003- 2006- 1970- 1985- 1990- 1995- 2000- 2003- 2006sponsor 1984 1989 1994 1999 2002 2005 2007 Total 1984 1989 1994 1999 2002 2005 2007 Total Bankruptcy 13 35 52 249 97 40 2 488 7% 6% 5% 8% 6% 3% 3% 6% IPO 53 152 232 360 142 133 1 1,073 28% 25% 23% 11% 9% 11% 1% 14% Sold to strategic buyer 60 211 387 1,258 616 472 27 3,031 31% 35% 38% 40% 37% 40% 35% 38% Sold to financial buyer 10 77 178 742 521 372 13 1,913 5% 13% 17% 23% 31% 31% 17% 24% Sold to LBO-backed firm 4 17 34 167 95 78 15 410 2% 3% 3% 5% 6% 7% 19% 5% Sold to management 1 8 15 50 31 7 1 113 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% Other / unknown 50 111 127 340 166 86 19 899 26% 18% 12% 11% 10% 7% 24% 11% No exit (% of PE deals) 6 31 98 1,185 1,268 3,348 3,340 9,276 3% 5% 9% 27% 43% 74% 98% 54% Without financial 1970- 1985- 1990- 1995- 2000- 2003- 2006- 1970- 1985- 1990- 1995- 2000- 2003- 2006sponsor 1984 1989 1994 1999 2002 2005 2007 Total 1984 1989 1994 1999 2002 2005 2007 Total Bankruptcy 0 1 1 11 29 21 1 64 0% 7% 4% 10% 10% 8% 3% 9% IPO 1 3 1 12 10 10 0 37 20% 21% 4% 11% 3% 4% 0% 5% Sold to strategic buyer 3 4 16 30 143 123 16 335 60% 29% 70% 28% 50% 47% 44% 46% Sold to financial buyer 1 5 4 32 74 65 12 193 20% 36% 17% 30% 26% 25% 33% 26% Sold to LBO-backed firm 0 0 0 8 11 16 1 36 0% 0% 0% 8% 4% 6% 3% 5% Sold to management 0 0 0 3 7 7 0 17 0% 0% 0% 3% 2% 3% 0% 2% Other / unknown 0 1 1 10 12 19 6 49 0% 7% 4% 9% 4% 7% 17% 7% No exit (% of MBO deals) 2 6 12 204 940 1,335 964 3,463 29% 30% 34% 66% 77% 84% 96% 83% 18 Large-sample studies: Demography The Global Economic Impact of Private Equity Report 2008 Table 4: Exits of individual LBO transactions Table 4B: By LBO type and region (1970–2002 only) Number of transactions by LBO type Public Private Financial to private to private Divisional vendor Distressed Total Bankruptcy 36 296 97 39 20 488 IPO 69 559 268 59 11 966 Fin.

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