By Viacheslav A. Chirikba
Abkhaz is among the 3 languages comprising the Abkhazo-Adyghean, or West Caucasian department of North Caucasian linguistic kinfolk (the different department being Nakh-Daghestanian, or East Caucasian). Abkhaz is spoken by means of nearly 100,000 humans within the former Soviet union (mainly within the Republic of Abkhazia, Caucasus), and via no less than an identical variety of audio system in Turkey and a few center east nations (small Abkhaz colonies are available additionally in Western Europe and the USA). Abkhaz is infamous for its large consonantal stock (up to sixty seven consonants in its Bzyp dialect) and via its minimum vocalic procedure: merely vowels. although Abkhaz was once studied via a couple of students (among whom P. Uslar in XIX century, or extra simply okay. Lomtatidze in Georgia and G. Hewitt in nice Britain), many points of Abkhaz grammar (especially its syntax) nonetheless must be safely defined. Abkhaz is the one West Caucasian language to own the class of grammatical periods, manifested in own pronouns, verb conjugation, numerals and in class of quantity. Abkhaz is an ergative language, the ergative building being represented now not through case endings, as in comparable Circassian and Ubykh (Abkhaz doesn't have the case system), yet via order of actant markers. The verbal root is composed frequently of 1 consonant, preceded by way of a string of prefixes (class-personal, directional, temporal, negational, causative, etc.) and by means of few suffixes. Verbs may be stative or dynamic, finite or non-finite. The grammatical comic strip of Abkhaz contains information regarding its phonological approach, morphology, and syntax. a quick textual content is supplied with grammatical reviews.
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Additional resources for Abkhaz
ELLIS, G. 1788. Memoir of a map of the countries comprehended between the Black Sea and the Caspian; with an account of the Caucasian nations, and vocabularies of their languages. London: J. Edwards. GENKO, A. 1928. Abkhazskij vokalizm [The Abkhaz vocalism] . In: Jzvestija Akademii Nauk SSSR. Otdelenie Gumanitarnykh Nauk, pp. 45-54. 1957. Foneticheskie vzaimootnoshenija abkhazskogo i abazinskogo jazykov [Phonetic interrelationships between Abkhaz and Abaza] . In: Trudy Abkhazskogo Instituta Jazyka, Literatury i Istorii, vyp.
A Handbook. London: Curzon Press, p. 37-47. 2003 . Evidential Category and Evidential Strategy in Abkhaz. In: Studies in Evidentiality. Edited by Alexandra Y. M. W. Dixon. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company (TSL 54), pp. 243-272. -Forthcoming. A Grammar of Sadz Abkhaz. P. 1970. Sistema vremen i osnovnykh modal'nykh obrazovanij v abkhazskoabazinskikh dialektakh [The System of Tenses and Basic Modal Formations in the Abkhaz- Abaza Dialects). Tbilisi : Metsniereba, 310 pp. DEETERS, G.
25. April 1974. Zusammenfassung der Vortrage (Assyriologica 1), S. 10-15 1979. Nekotorye sk:hodnye struktumye priznaki khattskogo i abkhazo-adygskik:h jazykov [Some structural affinities ofHattic and Abk:hazo-Adyghean languages) . In: Peredneaziatskij Sbornik Ill. Voprosy khettologii i khurritologii. Moskva, Izdatel'stvo vostochnoj literatury, 1961, p. 26-37 AR(I)STA(V)A, Sh. 1982. Problema prostogo predlozhenija v abkhazskom jazyke. [The Problem of Simple Sentence in Abkhaz] Tbilisi: Tbilisi University, 254 pp.